Created in partnership with the Helpdesk on Business & Human Rights

Forced Labour

Almost 27.6 million people worldwide are trapped in forced or compulsory labour, with 17.3 million people subjected to forced labour in the private sector.

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Further Guidance

Examples of further guidance on forced labour include:

  • United Nations Global Compact, The Ten Principles of the UN Global Compact: The Ten Principles of the UN Global Compact provide universal guidance for sustainable business in the areas of human rights, labour, the environment and anti-corruption. Principle 4 calls on business to uphold the elimination of all forms of forced and compulsory labour.
  • United Nations Global Compact, Business: It’s Time to Act: Decent Work, Modern Slavery & Child Labour: This brief guide offers an overview of the steps businesses can take to help eliminate forced labour while highlighting key resources, initiatives and engagement opportunities to support business action.
  • ILO, OECD, IOM and UNICEF, Multi-Stakeholder Initiative on Ending Child Labour, Forced Labour and Human Trafficking in Global Supply Chains: This resource provides recommendations on responsible business conduct on labour and human rights, including developing due diligence on forced labour.
  • ILO, General Principles and Operational Guidelines for Fair Recruitment and Definition of Recruitment Fees and Related Costs: This resource lays out the ILO general principles and guidelines for fair recruitment and the definition of recruitment fees and related costs.
  • ILO, Fair Recruitment Initiative: This ILO initiative was launched in 2014 and has been critical to ILO’s work in the area of national and international recruitment of workers. This website includes links to many helpful resources including guidance documents and training courses on fair recruitment.
  • ILO, Global Database: Definition of Fees and Related Costs in National Laws and Policies: A map developed by the ILO that displays a global database of national laws, policies and regulations that have defined recruitment fees and related costs.
  • ILO, Ending Child Labour, Forced Labour And Human Trafficking In Global Supply Chains: This report aims to help businesses develop policies and practices to prevent forced labour and human trafficking in global supply chains.
  • ITC-ILO, Training Toolkit on Establishing Fair Recruitment Processes: This training toolkit, developed under the framework of the ILO Fair Recruitment Initiative, is composed of five modules, which tackle specific topics pertaining to fair recruitment. It is available in English, French and Spanish.
  • ILO and IHRB, Promoting Fair Recruitment and Employment: Guidance Tool For Hotels in Qatar: A set of resources tailored for hotels to promote decent work and reinforce fair recruitment practices. This includes sector-specific guidance for engagement with labour recruiters and service providers, easy-to-use checklists as well as examples of good practice that managers can adapt.
  • ILO, Global Business Network on Forced Labour (GBNFL): Comparison of Recruitment Fees and Related Costs: A table developed by the GBNFL providing an overview of current definitions of recruitment fees and related costs by selected industry initiatives compared to the ILO definition of recruitment fees and related costs. It is intended to act as a supporting resource to those looking to adopt, adapt or implement a definition on recruitment fees and costs.
  • ILO Helpdesk for Business, Country Information Hub: This resource can be used to inform human rights due diligence, providing specific country information on different labour rights.
  • ILO, The Benefits of Fair Recruitment: Results of the Impact Study on the Nepal-Jordan Corridor: Research presented in an infographic, showcasing the benefits of fair recruitment practices for both workers and employers.
  • Institute for Human Rights and Business (IHRB), Responsible Recruitment Resource Bank: The IHRB provides a range of resources, such as tools and guidance, to address forced labour and other labour rights issues. This includes guidance highlighting best practice models, briefings on migrant worker issues and toolkits for the prevention of labour exploitation.
  • ITUC, How to Combat Forced Labour and Trafficking: A resource developed by the ITUC alongside the ILO that offers examples of good practices in order to encourage workers and unions to join the ITUC global trade union alliance against forced labour and to step up efforts to eliminate forced labour.
  • Alliance 8.7, Delta 8.7 Knowledge Platform: A global knowledge platform providing resources on eradicating forced labour, modern slavery, human trafficking and child labour.
  • Stronger Together, Resources: A range of multi-language resources for businesses on tackling modern slavery in their operations and supply chains.
  • SME Compass, Standards Compass: This online tool offers guidance on what to pay attention to when selecting sustainability standards or when participating in multi-stakeholder initiatives. It allows comparing standards and initiatives with respect to their contribution to human rights due diligence and their potential limitations.
  • SME Compass, Downloads: Practical guides and checklists are available for download on the SME compass website to embed due diligence processes, improve supply chain management and make mechanisms more effective.
  • DCAF, ICRC und GCBHR, Working with Private Security Providers, Security and Human Rights Toolkit: Dieses Toolkit enthält hilfreiche Informationen zur Sicherstellung hoher Arbeitsstandards beim Einsatz privater Sicherheitsdienstleister, sowie zur Risikobewertung.