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Further Guidance

This section includes examples of further guidance on non-discrimination. Please also refer to Gender Equality and Indigenous Peoples’ Rights issues for further issue-specific resources on these two non-discrimination aspects.

Non-discrimination Overall

  • United Nations Global Compact, The Ten Principles of the UN Global Compact: The Ten Principles of the UN Global Compact provide universal guidance for sustainable business in the areas of human rights, labour, the environment and anti-corruption. Principle 6 calls on businesses to uphold the elimination of discrimination in respect of employment and occupation.
  • World Economic Forum, Diversity, Equity and Inclusion 4.0: A Toolkit for Leaders to Accelerate Social Progress in the Future of Work: A toolkit for business to ensure diversity and prevent discrimination in the workplace.
  • OHCHR, Minority Rights: International Standards and Guidance for Implementation: This guidance provides a range of information on how to include minorities and their rights in policies and practices, including in the workplace.

Race and Ethnic Discrimination

  • ILO, Promoting Equity: This guide provides information on how to manage diversity in business, from creating policies to monitoring progress.
  • Business in the Community, Race: This page includes a range of resources for businesses on race and how to improve racial equality at work.
  • United Nations Global Compact, Anti-Racist Action for Business: This site provides a range of guidance and resources for businesses to take anti-racist actions.
  • Global Compact Network UK, Black Lives Matter & Business: This campaign features resources and talks for businesses to learn how to integrate pro-Black Lives Matter actions into business performance and policies.

Gender Discrimination

  • Women’s Empowerment Principles, Resources: The WEPs website has an extensive collection of resources on gender equality, including frameworks, templates, reports, guidance and toolkits that companies can utilize in the design, implementation and monitoring of their gender equality programmes.
  • UN Women and ILO, Rethinking Gender-responsive Procurement: Enabling an Ecosystem for Women’s Economic Empowerment: This publication proposes an evolved vision of gender-responsive procurement that leaves no one behind and creates outcomes for gender equality and women’s empowerment, not only opportunities.
  • UN Women, COVID-19 and the Care Economy: Immediate Action and Structural Transformation for a Gender-responsive Recovery: This brief highlights key measures needed to address the increase in unpaid care work due to the pandemic, ensure adequate compensation and decent working conditions for paid care workers and enable the participation of paid and unpaid caregivers in the policy decisions that affect them.
  • UN Women, Handbook: Addressing Violence and Harassment Against Women in the World of Work: This handbook includes practical information on how to prevent and respond to violence and harassment in workplaces.
  • United Nations Global Compact, E-Learning Course: How Business Can Accelerate the Pace of Change: This online course helps companies understand the role of business in advancing gender equality and the concrete steps that they can take to help accelerate the pace of change.
  • United Nations Development Programme, Gender Diversity and Inclusion for a Fair Business Environment: This report presents results of research conducted across five ASEAN countries on gender roles and stereotypes that can limit women’s leadership prospects and highlights the role of companies and their organizational policies and practices in promoting gender-equal leadership.
  • United Nations Development Programme and the UN Working Group on Business and Human Rights, Gender Dimensions of the UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights: This resource emphasizes how human rights responsibilities must include gender considerations and includes a three-step gender framework that States, business enterprises and other stakeholders could use to achieve substantive gender equality.
  • ILO-UN Women, Empowering Women at Work: Company Policies and Practices for Gender Equality: This resource provides suggestions on how companies can promote gender equality in their operations, with reference to international labour standards and guiding principles. ILO and UN Women have also published another resource on promoting gender equality in supply chains.
  • ILO, A Quantum Leap for Gender Equality: For a Better Future of Work for All: This report highlights key gender gaps and obstacles to decent work for women.
  • ILO, The Women at Work Initiative: The Push for Equality: This report outlines obstacles to gender equality at work and in society and suggests how they can be tackled by Governments and companies.
  • ILO, Policies and Practices for Gender Equality in Supply Chains: A report on promoting gender balance in global supply chains.
  • ILO, Tools and Resources for Business on Non-discrimination and Equality — Gender Equality: A range of tools and reports on achieving gender equality in the workplace.
  • ILO, Maternity Protection Resource PackageGuidance and tools to strengthen and extend maternity protection to all women in all types of economic activity.
  • ILO, The Contribution of Social Dialogue to Gender Equality: A report demonstrating how industrial conversations and social dialogue improve opportunities for women and gender equality at work.
  • World Economic Forum, Global Gender Gap Report 2021: This resource provides an overview of the barriers women continue to face as another generation of women will have to wait for gender parity.
  • Fair Labour Association, Triple Discrimination: Woman, Pregnant and Migrant, Preventing Pregnancy Discrimination among Temporary Migrant Workers, Lessons for Malaysia, Taiwan and ThailandGuidance for employers to avoid multi-factored discrimination against women in supply chains.

Age Discrimination

  • ILO, Youth Employment, Making it Happen: An online resource on successful youth employment for businesses.
  • ILO, Supporting Longer Working Lives: Multistage Approaches for Decent and Productive Work: A working paper on accommodating older workers in the workforce and increasing age diversity at work.
  • World Health Organization (WHO), OHCHR, the UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UN DESA) and the UN Population Fund (UNFPA), Global Report on Ageism: This report — aimed at all sectors of society — defines the nature of ageism, summarizes the best evidence about the scale, the impacts and the determinants of ageism, and the most effective strategies to reduce it. It concludes with three recommendations for action, informed by the evidence, to create a world for all ages.

Disability Discrimination

  • ILO, Questions on Disability and Work, Key Issues on Promoting Employment of Persons with Disabilities: This guidance provides a background to disabilities and how workplaces can adapt to accommodate for people with disabilities.
  • ILO, Tools and Resources on Disability: A selection of tools and guidance on disability in the workplace, including guides on respecting the rights of disabled workers, practical guides and company practices.
  • ILO, Global Business and Disability Network: A global network of businesses working to be disability-inclusive, and a range of resources and country profiles on disability and business.
  • ILO, The Win-Win of Disability Inclusion: A selection of resources and videos on how to be inclusive of disability in the workplace.
  • ILO, Making the Future of Work Inclusive of People with DisabilitiesGuidance on including employees with disabilities in the workplace.
  • ILO, Promoting Diversity and Inclusion Through Workplace Adjustments: A Practical Guide: This guide aims to explain the concept of reasonable adjustments (“reasonable accommodation”) and provide practical step-by-step guidance on how and when these should be provided in the workplace.
  • Ethical Trading Initiative, Towards Disability Inclusion: A handbook on inclusive work practices and places for workers with disabilities.

Sexual Orientation Discrimination

  • OHCHR, UN Standards of Conduct for Business: This guidance provides a set of benchmarks for assessing the role of business in tackling discrimination and related human rights abuses.
  • United Nations Global Compact, OHCHR, BSR, WEF, UN LGBTIQ+ Standards Gap Analysis Tool: A free, user-friendly and strictly confidential online platform that helps companies implement the UN Standards of Conduct and tackle LGBTIQ+ discrimination in the workplace and beyond. The Tool guides business in assessing current policies and programmes, highlighting areas for improvement and identifying opportunities to set future corporate goals and targets.
  • ILO, The Promotion of LGBT Human Rights in the Workplace: This guide gives in-depth guidance on how to support LGBT workers and their rights in the workplace.
  • BSR, OHCHR, and WEF, The Partnership for Global LGBTI Equality (PGLE): A coalition of organizations committed to leveraging their individual and collective advocacy to accelerate LGBTI equality and inclusion globally and drive positive change.
  • Stonewall: The organization has a range of tools and guidance for creating equality and safe workplaces for LGBTQ+ colleagues and employees.
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